Every step by which an individual substitutes concerted action for isolated action results in an immediate and recognizable improvement in his conditions. The advantages derived from peaceful cooperation and division of labor are universal.
Ludwig von Mises
Source: Human Action: A Treatise on Economics (Scholars Edition), Pages: 146
The market economy is the social system of the division of labor under private ownership of the means of production. Everybody acts on his own behalf; but everybodys actions aim at the satisfaction of other peoples needs as well as at the satisfaction of his own. Everybody in acting serves his fellow citizens.
Ludwig von Mises
Source: Human Action: A Treatise on Economics (Scholars Edition), Pages: 258
There is no limitation whatsoever, except those who mentally put themselves in a cage. To realize that you are not confined is to understand who you really are, because there is plenty you can do and be.
One must marvel at the intellectual quality of a teacher who can't understand why children assault one another in the hallway, playground, and city street, when in the classroom the highest accolades are reserved for those who have beaten their peers. In many subtle and some not so subtle ways, teachers demonstrate that what children learn means much less than that they triumph over their classmates. Is this not assault? . . . Classroom defeat is only the pebble that creates widening ripples of hostility. It is self-perpetuating. It is reinforced by peer censure, parental disapproval, and loss of self-concept. If the classroom is a model, and if that classroom models competition, assault in the hallways should surprise no one.
Non-cooperative approaches, by contrast, almost always involve duplication of effort, since someone working independently must spend time and skills on problems that already have been encountered and overcome by someone else. A technical hitch, for example, is more likely to be solved quickly and imaginatively if scientists (including scientists from different countries) pool their talents rather than compete against one another.
The art of Peace I practice has room for each of the world's eight million gods, and I cooperate with them all. The God of Peace is very great and enjoins all that is divine and enlightened in every land.
A vile race of quislings - to use the new word which will carry the scorn of mankind down the centuries. Vidkun Quisling, head of the Nasjonal Samling party in Norway, who cooperated and collaborated with Nazis when Germany invaded Norway on April 9, 1940. Quisling was executed on October 23, 1945.
Winston Churchill (1874 - 1965)
Source: Speech at St. James's Palace, London, June 1941