A Quote by Supreme Court on action, certainty, clarity, congress, discretion, experience, failure, government, improvement, independence, judgment, novelty, and politics

Federal commandeering of state governments is such a novel phenomenon that this Court's first experience with it did not occur until the 1970's....later opinions of ours have made clear that the Federal Government may not compel the States to implement, by legislation or executive action, federal regulatory programs....Even assuming, moreover, that the Brady Act leaves no "policymaking" discretion with the States, we fail to see how that improves rather than worsens the intrusion upon state sovereignty. Preservation of the States as independent and autonomous political entities is arguably less undermined by requiring them to make policy in certain fields than (as Judge Sneed aptly described it over two decades ago) by "reducing them to puppets of a ventriloquist Congress."

Supreme Court

Source: U.S. Supreme Court, 1997, Printz v. United States[Interior clarifications omitted]

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