Rudolph Carnap

A Quote by Rudolph Carnap on certainty, change, conflict, experience, kindness, language, logic, mathematics, physics, radicals, revolution, rules, science, truth, and value

I should make a distinction between two kinds of readjustment in the case of a conflict with experience, namely, between a change in the language, and a mere change in or addition of, a truth-value ascribed to an indeterminate statement (i.e. a statement whose truth value is not fixed by the rules of language, say by the postulates of logic, mathematics and physics). A change of the first kind constitutes a radical alteration, sometimes a revolution, and it occurs only at certain historically decisive points in the development of science. On the other hand, changes of the second kind occur every minute. A change of the first kind constitutes, strictly speaking, a transition from a language Ln into a new language Ln+1.

Rudolph Carnap

Source: "Replies and Systematic Expositions," Schlipp, The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap [Carnap63], p921

Contributed by: Zaady

A Quote by Rudolph Carnap on aim, books, direction, influence, knowledge, learning, logic, philosophy, problems, purpose, science, spirit, thinking, time, words, work, and world

Whereas Frege had the strongest influence on me in the fields of logic and semantics, in my philosophical thinking in general I learned most from Bertrand Russell. In the winter of 1921 I read his book, Our Knowledge of the External World, as a Field For Scientific Method in Philosophy. Some passages made an especially vivid impression on me because they formulated clearly and explicitly a view of the aim and method of philosophy which I had implicitly held for some time. In the Preface he speaks about "the logical-analytic method of philosophy" and refers to Frege's work as the first complete example of this method. And on the very last pages of the book he gives a summarizing characterization of this philosophical method in the following words: I felt as if this appeal had been directed to me personally. To work in this spirit would be my task from now on! And indeed henceforth the application of the new logical instrument for the purposes of analyzing scientific concepts and of clarifying philosophical problems has been the essential aim of my philosophical activity.

Rudolph Carnap

Source: his "Intellectual autobiography" in The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap [Carnap63], p13

Contributed by: Zaady

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