A Quote by Daniel Pinchbeck on daniel pinchbeck, 2012, peter whitley, peabody coal, black mesa, hopi, and aquifer

[Info from Peter Whitley’s book Rethinking Hopi Ethnography]

From Whitley’s book, I also discovered that the Hopi way of life is threatened with imminent extinction.  In the 1960s, the Peabody Coal Company was given a concession to mine coal on their land.  They were also awarded the right to use water from the aquifer under Black Mesa to slurry the coal down a pipeline, built by the Enron Corporation.  This operation extracts 1.3 billion gallons of pure drinking water annually from the aquifer that sustains Hopi life.  There are, of course, other ways to transport coal, but this is the cheapest for Peabody, and the company has continually fought against and effectively delayed efforts to change its practices.  In the 1980s, it was discovered that the lawyer who negotiated the original deal for the Hopi was, at the same time, on the payroll of the Peabody Corporation – and the Hopi had received a tiny fraction of the revenue they deserve from the concession, while forfeiting control of their own destiny.  According to U.S. government Geological Surveys, by the year 2011, the aquifer will be almost completely depleted – already the Hopi are finding that the local springs on which they rely are drying up.

Daniel Pinchbeck

Source: 2012: The Return of Quetzalcoatl, Pages: 387

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